USMLE Step 1 Renal Physiology 1 Review 58 06 Location of Nephron Parts

USMLE Step 1 Renal Physiology 1 Review 58 06 Location of Nephron Parts

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  • USMLE Audio Review files from our “Gold Standard USMLE Reviews”
  • Transcriptions of those files
  • And videos (as they become available)

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  • Following along with the transcription
  • Or by watching the video (if available)

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Let’s start our USMLE Review with Anatomy from the Gold Standard USMLE Step 1 Audio Review program.

Play USMLE Audio MP3 58 06 Location of Nephron Parts Below

Begin 58 06 Location of Nephron Parts Transcription

Where in the kidney are the glomeruli located?

  • The glomeruli are in the renal cortex.

And what about the proximal and distal convoluted tubules? Where are they?

  • Also in the renal cortex.    

And where are the Loops of Henle located?

  • The Loops of Henle are in the medulla of the kidney.

 What are the two types of nephrons? Their names start with CN and JN.

  • Cortical nephrons and juxtamedullary nephrons.

Where is the glomerulus of juxtamedullary nephron located?

  •  The glomeruli of the juxtamedullary nephrons are located at the junction of the medulla and the cortex.

 Most of the nephrons in the kidneys are what type?

  • Most of the nephrons are cortical nephrons.

Which nephrons have long Loops of Henle that extend into the inner medulla?

  • The juxtamedullary nephrons.

Student doctor, please pause the tape and summarize what we’ve discussed about where the various nephron parts are located and the two types of nephrons.

  • The glomeruli are located in the renal cortex as are the proximal and distal convoluted tubules. The Loops of Henle are in the medulla of the kidney. The two kinds of nephrons are the cortical nephrons and the juxtamedullary nephrons. The glomeruli of the juxtamedullary nephrons are located at the junction of the medulla and the cortex. Most of the nephrons are cortical. The juxtamedullary nephrons have long Loops of Henle that extend into the inner medulla.

 

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