On these “Gold Standard Step 1 Facts” pages you will find Free:
- USMLE Audio Review files from our “Gold Standard USMLE Reviews”
- Transcriptions of those files
- And videos (as they become available)
The idea is that you can review for the USMLE online by:
- Listening to the Audio
- Following along with the transcription
- Or by watching the video (if available)
If you like what you here, you can purchase the entire Gold Standard Step 1 MP3 audio USMLE review for your iPhone, iPod, or computer here. Let’s start our USMLE Review with Anatomy from the Gold Standard USMLE Step 1 Audio Review program.
Play USMLE Audio MP3 59 18 Renal Failure Below
Begin 59 18 Renal Failure Transcription
What is the condition that may cause renal failure characterized by increased creatinine and blood urea nitrogen? It starts with a U.
What is the condition resulting in pulmonary edema and congestive heart failure?
- Sodium and water retention.
What is due to reduced acid excretion and buffer production? It starts with MA.
- Metabolic acidosis.
What is due to lack of erythropoietin production?
What is due to the lack of vitamin D? It starts with RO.
- Renal osteodystrophy.
And what is possibly causing cardiac arrhythmias? It starts with an H.
And what are these all possible causes of?
- Renal failure.
Student doctor, please pause the tape and summarize what we’ve discussed about renal failure.
Uremia, one possible cause of renal failure is characterized by increased creatinine and blood urea nitrogen. Sodium and water retention can result in pulmonary edema and congestive heart failure. Metabolic acidosis is due to reduced acid excretion and buffer production. Anemia is due a lack of erythropoietin production and renal osteodystrophy is due to a lack of vitamin D. Hyperkalemia may cause cardiac arrhythmias. All of these things are possible causes of renal failure.
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