On these “Gold Standard Step 1 Facts” pages you will find Free:
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Let’s start our USMLE Review with Anatomy from the Gold Standard USMLE Step 1 Audio Review program.
Play USMLE Audio MP3 61 23 Abnormal Breathing Patterns Below
Begin 61 23 Abnormal Breathing Patterns Transcription
Next, let’s talk about abnormal breathing patterns.
What abnormal breathing pattern does this describe? Periods of accelerated breathing with shallower breaths until breathing temporarily stops. Then the cycle is repeated. The two word answer starts with CS.
- Cheyne stokes breathing or respiration
What are two possible causes of cheyne stokes breathing?
- High altitude and drug overdose
What is the name of the abnormal breathing pattern characterized by rapid, deep breathing? The answer starts with a K
- Kussmaul breathing or respiration is characterized by rapid deep breathing
What causes kussmaul breathing? The two word answer starts with MA
- Metabolic acidosis
What metabolic disorder would cause this? It starts with a D
What abnormal respiration does this describe? The patient’s voluntary control of respiration is normal but impaired involuntarily respiratory control makes it necessary for the patient to be on a mechanical respirator while sleeping. The two word answer starts with OC.
- Ondine’s curse
Finally, for what abnormal breathing pattern is this a description? Tidal volume breathing separated by periods of apnea. It starts with a B
- Biot’s breathing
Student doctor, please pause the tape and summarize what has been discussed about abnormal breathing patterns.
- Cheyne stokes breathing is described as periods of accelerated breathing with shallower breaths until breathing temporarily stops. Then the cycle is repeated. Two possible causes of Cheyne stokes breathing are high altitude and drug overdose. Kussmaul breathing or respiration is characterized by rapid deep breathing. It is caused by metabolic acidosis, which can be caused by diabetes. In the presence of Ondine’s curse, the patient’s voluntary control of respiration is normal but impaired involuntary control makes it necessary for the patient to be on mechanical respirator while sleeping. Finally, Biot’s breathing is tidal volume breathing separated by periods of apnea
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